Is your PC, which is a few years old, starting to show some signs of weakness? If you have not maintained it, a minimum, over the years, Windows may be the victim of some slowness and other failures.
And if the more radicals do a complete reinstall of the operating system, users who are uncomfortable with such manipulation will still be able to try some of the tips below to try to improve things.
1. Make the dust
If your PC tends to overheat and the fan trips unexpectedly, chances are that your dust, accumulated over the years, is responsible.
Dismantle the cover of your PC and using a dry air blower, blow to remove all dust from the fan and the exhaust vents of your PC. A clean computer under the hood will dissipate the heat emitted by the processor much better, which will significantly improve performance.
2. Find and remove malware
One of the other common factors that cause a computer to slow down is the presence of one or more malware in the operating system. To check it, you can launch an analysis with two different but complementary software: AdwCleaner and Malwarebytes Anti-Malware.
The first is completely free and runs without installation. The second requires installation and offers a free trial version.
Install these two tools on your PC, launch an analysis and delete the elements detected by these two tools. It is likely that your computer will have to restart after the scans.
Once this cleaning is finished, you can uninstall Malwarebytes Anti-Malware so that it doesn’t run without your knowledge in the background. Do not hesitate to re-run, from time to time, an analysis with these tools to verify that a malicious program is present on your machine.
• Download AdwCleaner for Windows
• Download Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Free for Windows
3. Uninstall unnecessary programs
Over time, you probably installed software when you needed it without necessarily thinking of uninstalling it, “as soon as” you needed it later.
These unused programs not only clutter up your hard drive, but can also take up some of your computer’s resources if they are running in the background. So it’s best to review the ones you really need, and uninstall the others.
To do this, click on the menu Start, and see you in Settings of Windows. Then click on Applications, then in the section Applications and features, select a program you no longer need and click on Uninstall to delete it from your machine.
Repeat the operation as many times as necessary to remove all the software that you are not using, or more.
If you wish, you can go even further by removing the software preinstalled on Windows 10 and which you never use.
To read : How to remove preinstalled software from Windows 10
The handling is not very complicated and will allow you to get rid of many utilities that you have probably never used.
4. Limit the applications launched at startup
Do you find that your PC is much slower to start than when you bought it? You probably have a lot of software that starts when you start Windows and which are not necessarily useful in the daily use of your PC: printer utility, chat software, music player, etc. all of these can be opened manually, a posteriori, when you need to use them.
To limit the number of applications opened automatically when starting Windows, open the task manager using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + Alt + Delete and click Task Manager.
Then go to the tab Start-up, right click on the programs you don’t want to start with Windows and click Deactivate.
5. Make space on your hard drive
A lack of storage space can sometimes lead to serious slowdowns in Windows. Remember to watch that there is still enough space on your disk by opening, for example, a file explorer window and placing yourself on This PC. If you need to free up space, you can do a little cleaning in your storage through the dedicated utility in Windows 10.
To do this, click on the menu Start, open them Settings, and go to the menu System. Then go to the section dedicated to Storage and check thatStorage assistant be activated.
You can click on Configure the Storage Assistant or run it now to modify your preferences or launch it immediately by clicking on Clean up now.
You can also manually review the distribution of your disk occupancy. By clicking on each item, you will be able to uninstall Applications and features, choose the Temporary files to delete, etc.
6. Disable visual effects
If your computer has a slightly dated configuration, the different visual effects of Windows 10 play a role in the slowdowns and slowness of your PC. It is entirely possible to limit or deactivate them.
To do this, open a window Execute using the keyboard shortcut Windows + R, enter and validate.
The window System properties should then open. Go to the tab Advanced system settings, then in the section Performances click on Settings.
A window Performance options opens. Please select Adjust to get the best performance and confirm by clicking on Apply then OK.
The different visual effects of Windows should then be disabled.
7. Change the power settings
Laptop performance may vary depending on the type of power you choose. On battery, we generally prefer to favor autonomy, thus reducing the performance of the computer.
On the other hand, on sector, Windows offers three possibilities and will generally choose the best performances. You can check this when your PC is connected to the mains by clicking on the battery icon displayed in the taskbar.
Take advantage, by the way to switch the power mode so that your machine has Optimal performance.
8. Disable PC indexing
Indexing the PC can be a factor in slowing the PC down. If it’s very handy to allow you to quickly find a file in the search bar of Windows 10, its constant operation in the background can, in some cases, considerably slow down the system. It is then possible to deactivate it.
To do this, open a window Execute using the keyboard shortcut Windows + R, enter the command and confirm.
In the list of services displayed, search for Windows Search and double click on it.
In the window that appears, at the line Startup type, select Deactivate and choose someStop. Then validate by clicking on Apply then on OK.
If you want to put file indexing back in Windows, you will have to redo this manipulation in order to reset the values defined in principle by default. You will therefore have to reset the parameter Startup type sure Automatic (Delayed start), before clicking on Start to put theState of service sure Running.
9. Restart your PC
To some this may seem like a common sense, but if you are one of those who keep their H24 running, it is perfectly normal for your machine to show signs of fatigue after several days.
So remember to restart it regularly enough to free the memory and finish all the processes still running in the background, but which you may no longer need on your PC.
10. Go to SSD
If most recent PCs are equipped with SSD disks, the oldest machines often integrate a mechanical hard disk, much slower than the models with flash memory.
If you have time to spare, invest in an SSD on which you will clone the entire hard drive of your PC with dedicated software like Macrium Reflect Free.
To read : Buying guide: how to choose an SSD for your computer
Then simply remove the hard drive from the PC to replace it with the SSD containing the clone created. Not only should your machine start up in record time, but loading of programs should also be done much faster.