O2's parent company Telefónica Deutschland wants to work with Huawei and Nokia on the 5G expansion. If the network equipment provider receives the required security certificate, the technology must be used.
Therefore, this strategy is still subject to a reservation. The deciding factor is whether the federal government will continue to adhere to the strategy determined so far, which in principle allows any supplier if the components have been previously certified by BSI. Or does the Bundestag still enforce laws that, for example, exclude Huawei from 5G expansion in Germany? Telefónica Deutschland itself spoke of "an incomplete political process to establish this security guideline."
Some 5G partners should avoid dependency
Huawei and Nokia are planned as partners for the 5G access network (Radio Access Network). Both network providers will supply cellular radio sites in the same section as 5G antenna technology. In this way, Telefónica will also create "diversity in its network in the future and avoid dependence on providers," the message said. This group will likely decide next year on technology partners for the core network, where confidential information is processed.
Huawei described Telefónica as a proven strategic partner with which it plans to continue working. But what remains is the political debate. So far, it cannot be predicted whether the Bundestag will not implement stricter laws excluding Huawei: Critical votes have been stronger in recent weeks and months.
German network operators have criticized this uncertainty for selecting potential technology partners for some time. Until now, all network operators have used Huawei technology, but now the consequences of the debate have been clear. It has recently become known, for example, that Telekom no longer wants to complete contracts with 5G providers until there is clarity.
Telefónica: initial signal for the 5G network in the next year
Meanwhile, Telefónica wants to start expanding the 5G network in the first quarter of 2020, customers should also be able to use the new cellular radio standard in the coming year. The first signs are given in Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne and Frankfurt, where the expansion will be largely completed by the end of 2021. By the end of 2022, Telefónica plans to supply some 30 cities in total 16 million inhabitants.
Additional gaps must also be closed in the LTE expansion. The establishment and expansion of 10,000 LTE locations are planned for next year. Therefore, the goal is to cover 99 percent of households across Germany by the end of 2020. Another aspect of the expansion strategy is 6,000 cell phone locations that will be expanded by Telefónica along with Deutsche Telekom and Vodafone.