• It is extremely important to download Windows updates to prevent BSoD errors from appearing. Also, make sure all drivers are up to date.
  • If you can't access Windows 10 Due to SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED error, you can perform chkdsk scan to verify your hard drive. Don't worry, we have instructions below.
  • It is no coincidence that we have a special section dedicated to solving BSoD errors. Mark it for future reference.
  • Do you think there are mature people who did not see Windows 10 error? It is highly unlikely, so check out our Windows 10 mistakes Hub for arrangements and guides.

Blue screen of death errors will crash Windows 10 and gives you an error message like SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED before your computer restarts.


These types of errors can be caused by faulty hardware, and since these errors can be quite troublesome, today we will show you how to fix SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED error.


Table of Contents:

  1. To update Windows 10
  2. Run the chkdsk scan
  3. Update your drivers
  4. Run the BSOD troubleshooter
  5. Run the SFC scan
  6. Run DISM
  7. Replace smss.exe
  8. Check your DVD for physical damage
  9. Check your DVD drive
  10. Check hardware problems


Solution 1 – Update Windows 10

Upgrade Windows 10 is crucial if you want to keep your system error free and stable. Certain hardware or software may have problems with Windows 10, and that can cause BSoD errors like SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED to appear. yes

and using Windows Update, it will download the latest security enhancements as well as many bug fixes. These bug fixes are designed to fix incompatibility issues with certain hardware or software, therefore it is crucial to download Windows updates to prevent BSoD errors from appearing.

Solution 2 – Run the chkdsk scan

Sometimes BSoD errors like SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED may appear due to corrupted files on your hard drive, and to fix this issue you will need to check your hard drive using the chkdsk command. To do that, follow these steps:

  1. press Windows Key + X to open the Advanced User Menu and select Command Prompt (Administrator).
  2. When the command prompt starts, enter chkdsk / f / r C: and press Get in Please note that you will need to perform this scan for all hard drive partitions you have, so be sure to replace C with the letter that matches your hard drive partition.

It is worth mentioning that you will not be able to scan C drive directly Windows 10, so be sure to restart your computer when prompted by Command Prompt. When your computer starts up again, the chkdsk will automatically scan your C drive for errors.

If you can't access Windows 10 Due to SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED error, you can perform chkdsk analysis by following these steps:

  1. Restart your computer while it starts. You will need to restart it several times before you can start Automatic Repair.
  2. Select Troubleshoot> Advanced Options> Command Prompt.
  3. When the command prompt starts, enter chkdsk / f / r C: to perform a scan. Repeat this step for all partitions on the hard drive and be sure to replace C with the corresponding letter.

Solution 3 – Update your drivers

Drivers are a crucial part of every operating system as they allow Windows to recognize and use your hardware. If a certain driver is damaged or incompatible with Windows 10 which may cause BSoD error like SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED. me

To correct these errors, we recommend updating your drivers, and you can do so directly from Device Manager by following these steps:

  1. press Windows Key + X and select Device administrator from the menu
    device administrator
  2. When Device Manager opens, locate the driver you want to update, right-click and choose Update driver software.
  3. Select Automatically check for updated driver software. Windows 10 will now download and install the best driver for your device.
  4. Repeat these steps for all the drivers you want to update.

Some users say that it is better to download the drivers manually since Device Manager will not always find the latest drivers for your hardware. To download drivers manually, simply visit your hardware manufacturer's website, find your device, and download the latest drivers.

Be sure to download and update the drivers for all major hardware components.

Update drivers automatically

Searching for drivers on your own can be time consuming. Therefore, we recommend that you use a tool that does this automatically. Using an automatic driver updater will save you the trouble of manually searching for drivers, and will always keep your system updated with the latest drivers.

Tweakbit Driver Updater (approved by Microsoft and Norton Antivirus) will help you update drivers automatically and prevent damage to your PC caused by installing wrong driver versions. After several tests, our team concluded that this is the best automated solution.

Here is a quick guide on how to use it:

  1. Download and install TweakBit Driver Updatercontroller updater start window
  2. Once installed, the program will start scanning your PC for outdated drivers automatically. Driver Updater will check the versions of your drivers installed in its cloud database for the latest versions and recommend the appropriate updates. All you need to do is wait for the scan to complete.
    Tweakbit Driver Updater scanning process
  3. At the end of the scan, you will get a report on all the problem drivers found on your PC. Review the list and see if you want to update each controller individually or all at once. To update one controller at a time, click the Update Controller link next to the controller name. Or simply click the Update All button at the bottom to automatically install all recommended updates.
    Full automatic update
    Note: Some drivers have to be installed in several steps, so you will have to press the "Update" button several times until all their components are installed.

Solution 4 – Run the BSOD troubleshooter

If none of the above solutions solved the problems, let's try Windows Built-in 10 troubleshooter. This tool can address various system issues including BSOD issues.

Here is how to run Windows 10 built-in troubleshooter:

  1. Open the Configuration app And go to Update and security section.
  2. Select Solve problems from the menu on the left.
  3. Select BSOD from the right pane and click Run the troubleshooter.SESSION3 FAILED INITIALIZATION Windows 10 error
  4. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the troubleshooter.

Solution 5 – Run the SFC scan

The next thing we are going to try is to run the SFC scan. System File Checker is a command-line tool that scans all system files for possible problems. So if a corrupt system file is causing the SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED error, SFC scanning will probably solve it.

Here's how to run the SFC scan on Windows 10:

  1. Go to Search, type cmd and open the Command prompt as administrator.
  2. Enter the following line and press Enter: sfc / scannowSESSION3 FAILED INITIALIZATION Windows 10 error
  3. Wait for the scan to complete (it will take a while)
  4. The tool will automatically solve the problem, if possible.
  5. Now, close the command prompt and restart your computer.

Solution 6 – Run DISM

The third troubleshooting tool that we are going to use here is DISM. The Deployment Image Management and Service (DISM), as its name implies, redeploys the system image again and resolves potential problems along the way. Therefore, it is also possible to resolve the SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED error.

We will guide you through the standard and procedure using the installation media below:

  1. Right-click Start and open Command Prompt (Administrator).
  2. Paste the following command and press Enter:
      • DISM / Online / Cleaning Image / RestoreHealthSESSION3 FAILED INITIALIZATION Windows 10 error
  3. Wait until the scan completes.
  4. Restart your computer and try updating again.
  • With the Windows installation media
  1. Insert your Windows installation media
  2. Right-click on the Start menu and choose Command Prompt (Administrator) from the menu.
  3. On the command line, type the following commands and press Enter after each:
    • dism / online / cleanup-image / scanhealth
    • dism / online / cleanup-image / restorehealth
  4. Now type the following command and press Enter:
    • DISM / Online / Cleanup-Image / RestoreHealth /source:WIM:X:SourcesInstall.wim:1 / Limited Access
  5. Be sure to change a X value with the drive letter mounted with Windows 10 installation.
  6. After the procedure is complete, restart your computer.

Solution 7 – Replace smss.exe

According to users, the damaged smss.exe file can sometimes cause SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED BSOD error, and to fix it you need to replace that file. To do that, follow these steps:

  1. Restart your computer several times while it starts. This should start the automatic repair.
  2. Select Troubleshoot> Advanced Options> Command Prompt.
  3. When the command prompt starts, enter the following lines and press Enter after each line:
    • C:
    • CD windows/ system32 /
    • copy c: windowssystem32dllcachesmss.exe
  4. Alternatively you can use copy c: windowsServicePackFilesi386smss.exe instead of the last line
  5. Get in departure at the command prompt to shut it down and restart your PC.

Solution 8 – Check your DVD for physical damage

Users reported SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED error when trying to install Windows 10 of a DVD, and according to them, the problem was a damaged DVD disc. If you are installing Windows 10 of a DVD, make sure your DVD has no scratches.

Instead of using DVD, it is always better to use a USB flash drive to install Windows 10. You can easily create a bootable USB drive with Windows 10 using the media creation tool. Please note that you may get the same error even if you are using USB flash drive to install Windows 10)

Apparently corrupted ISO image can create this problem, so make sure not to interrupt Windows 10 ISO download.

Solution 9 – Check your DVD drive

If you are installing Windows 10 of a DVD, make sure your DVD drive works properly. Users reported that a faulty DVD drive can bypass the installation process and give you SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED BSoD, so make sure your DVD drive is not faulty. me

n if your DVD drive is broken, you can always install Windows 10 from a USB flash drive.

Solution 10: check for hardware problems

SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED The BSoD error can be caused by faulty hardware, especially RAM, so make sure your RAM is working properly. To check your RAM you can use tools like MemTest86 +.

In addition to RAM, almost any other hardware component can cause this error, so be sure to check other important components like your motherboard, hard drive, graphics card etc.

The SESSION3_INITIALIZATION_FAILED error can be caused by corrupt files or hardware problems, but you can easily fix this error by using one of our solutions.

Frequently Asked Questions: Read more about INITIALIZATION SESSION3 error


The SESSION3 INITIALIZATION FAILED error is a BSoD error that can be triggered for many reasons. The most common reason, however, is a problem with the hardware. This particular BSoD error can also be caused by a problem with your DVD drive or disk.

  • How can I fix the SESSION3 INITIALIZATION FAILED error?

First, update Windows 10 and its drivers, run chkdsk scan, run BSOD Troubleshooter, replace smss.exe file, check your DVD for physical damage, check your DVD drive, check for hardware issues

  • Can a PC run without RAM?

The short answer is no. It is not possible for a computer to run without RAM. Without RAM, your BIOS can't start when you press the power button on your computer.

From the editor Note: This post was originally published in September 2018 and has since been renewed and updated in April 2020 to provide freshness, precision and comprehensiveness.

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